Arthur William Moore CVO JP SHK (1853-1909)
Constitutional Reformer and Historian
Speaker of the House of Keys and historian, author, collector, and chronicler of Manx life and history.
After private schooling in Douglas, Arthur William Moore attended Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge, and then returned home to work in the family sailcloth factory at Tromode. His family was prominent in the Island, his father being a Member of the House of Keys and his uncle Archdeacon of Man.
He was elected to the House of Keys in 1881, and became Speaker in 1898. He proved to be a champion of the rights and privileges of the House in a number of disputes with the Governor and Council, and took part in drawing up a petition for the reform of the Manx Constitution in 1907.
In addition to his political work, Moore produced many works on different aspects of Manx life and history, including the monumental two-volume A History of the Isle of Man (1900), Manx Worthies (1901), a three-volume version of his Manx Notebook periodical, a history of the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company (1904), and books on climate, the Church, surnames, place-names and folklore. He was also joint author of the Vocabulary of the Anglo-Manx Dialect, which was published after his death.
Moore was a keen supporter of Manx Gaelic at a time when it was under serious threat, and was the founder and first president of Yn Cheshaght Ghailckagh. He learned the language as a young man and was proud to be the official translator into Manx of the Acts of Tynwald.
A champion of the rights of the House