Our system of governance
The Isle of Man is a self-governing Crown Dependency. This means that the constitutional relationship of the Isle of Man with the United Kingdom is maintained through the Crown, the British Monarch (Queen Elizabeth II).
The Isle of Man is not part of the United Kingdom or the European Union. It is not represented in the UK Parliament.
The Isle of Man has its own parliament and legislature (Tynwald), government, civil service, and judiciary (courts of law). This means that the Isle of Man makes its own laws and raises its own revenue (via tax).
Find out more about the system of government in the Isle of Man.
Lord of Man
The Head of State is Queen Elizabeth II, who is known in the Isle of Man as the Lord of Man.
This title reflects the history of English rule in the Island. The Isle of Man first came under the control of the English Crown in the fourteenth century, before being granted to Sir John Stanley in 1405. His heirs, the Earls of Derby and later the Dukes of Atholl, ruled as Lords of Man until 1765, when the Act of Revestment returned the Isle of Man to the Crown. The title has been retained for cultural and historical reasons.
The Lord of Man is represented in the Island by the Lieutenant Governor.
Find out more about the Lord of Man's role.
The Lieutenant Governor is the representative of the Lord of Man in the Isle of Man. He or she is appointed by the Crown, usually for a five year term. The current Lieutenant Governor is Sir Richard Gozney.
The Lieutenant Governor grants Royal Assent to most Bills, although some may be dealt with by the Privy Council.
The Lieutenant Governor used to preside over sittings of the Legislative Council and Tynwald Court, but was replaced by the elected President of Tynwald in 1990. Nowadays, the Lieutenant Governor only presides over the annual sitting of Tynwald on Tynwald Hill in St Johns.
Find out more about the Lieutenant Governor's role.
Isle of Man Government
The Government is responsible for the day-to-day running of the Isle of Man. It develops and implements policy, and provides and manages public services.
The Chief Minister is the head of the Executive, known as the Council of Ministers. He or she is elected by and from the Members of Tynwald following a General Election. The Chief Minister then selects other Members to be Ministers of the Government Departments. Together they form the Council of Ministers.
Other Members of Tynwald may also be Members of Departments. They assist the Minister in his or her role.
Ministers and Members of Departments are assisted in their work by government employees, also known as civil servants.
Find out more about the Executive.